30x Kb swings (8 / 12 / 16)
30x Air Squats
20x Kb Thrusters
20x Push Ups
10x Kb Lying Leg Raised Chest Press Per Side
10x Burpee Chest to Floor
12x Bumper Plate Push Press (10 / 15 / 20kg)
8x Bumper Plate Push Up with 1 hand on ( a push up on 1 side is 1 rep)
4x Bumper Plate OH Lunges Alternating
12x Medicine Ball Squat (2.5 / 5 / 7.5kg)
8x Medicine Ball Clean Squat
4x Medicine Ball Woodchop each Side
(Repeat a 2nd time Switching Round 1's Part 1 Kettle Bell movements and
the Bumper Plates Movements, then Repeat 3rd
time Switching Round 2's Part 1 Bumper Plate Movements with Medicine Ball movements)
(Booking online is essential - Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 5:45pm-7:15pm)
WHAT IS A FREE INTRODUCTION CLASS ABOUT? Never visited us before, have you not
exercised in 30 years, or are you the weekend exercise junkie, or even the
fitness fanatic? Then come visit us for your free Introduction class to experience our days working at the Level 1 (Beginners) scaled workout!
You will experience a typical small group CrossFit coaching at its finest!
You will also have the option to try a TacFit class also (Coach will explain TacFit). HOW DO I SIGN UP FOR MY FREE TRIAL CLASS? Choose a time bellow to Register and Reserve your Introduction Class
*Please note: Terms and Condition's Apply* Have any questions or need more information? Give us a call: 0814255833 or Send us a email: firstname.lastname@example.org
We look forward to meeting You!
_______________________________________________________________________________ Sign Up Online For a Free Trial Class NOTE: Your entitled to 2 Free Classes (First Class is done online)
What to expect at your Free Trial Class?
You will get to meet our friendly staff and community. You will get to experience a basic version of the WOD (workout of the day) based on your own fitness and experience level, so no need to worry if you have not exercised in 30 years or a competitive competitive athlete. Our coaches will cater the class for you. You will also get to meet and chat with us your class. What are you waiting for click here to Reserve Today! _______________________________________________________________________________ Signed Up, whats next? *NEW JOINED MEMBERS ONRAMP WORKSHOP NOTE: This is Free and Part of your Sign Up! *Recommended for all joining to learn and speed up the basic movements and break down *Once signing up your membership speak to your coach to schedule or find out when is our next On-ramp Workshop _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
Content: What is CrossFit? How do we define fitness?
1.What can I expect in a Onramp Crossfit Greenlyn Package?
2.What are the Introduction Class Times?
3.What are the benefits and services offered by CrossFit Greenlyn?
4.What is CrossFit?
5.Who is CrossFit suited for?
6.What will I experience from training at a CrossFit gym?
7.What can I expect in a regular CrossFit Class? 8.Signing a membership.
What is CrossFit?
How to define fitness in 100 Words?
1.What can I expect in a CrossFit Greenlyn On-ramp Workshop?
· Fully loaded 60-90min class that will teach and guide you through the scaling of the fundamental Crossfit movements/terms that will prepare you for joining the regular Crossfit Classes. The CrossFit movements Include: Clean Snatch Front Squat Shoulder Press Push press Push jerk Deadlift Sumo Deadlift High Pull Followed by a CrossFit workout
2.When are the Onramp/Preparation Coaching Workshops?
·*Onramp Workshop will be scheduled once a month by the box - You can contact your coaches for more details on the dates.
3.What are the benefits and services offered by CrossFit Greenlyn?
·CrossFit is a strength and conditioning program designed to help gain a broad and general fitness.
·CrossFit programming concentrates on constantly varied functional movements performed at high intensity to achieve overall physical fitness, so people are prepared for any physical challenge.
·It is made to guide and balance a person on Nutrition (Food and recovery), Metabolic Condition (Cardiovascular), Gymnastics (Mobility, stability, flexibility), Weight lifting (Strength Conditioning), Sports (Being able to translate all these into real life day to day activities).
5.Who is CrossFit suited for?
·People of all age over 13+
·Tri-athletes, road runners, trail runners
·Casual and professional sportsmen/woman looking to improve their overall fitness and abilities.
·Your average person just looking to get healthier and fitter.
·Anyone who enjoys meeting other people who want to get fitter and healthier and be part of such a community.
·Weekend warriors (If you enjoy exercise as social activity on weekends and want to get fit)
6.What will I experience from training at a CrossFit gym?
·You body composition will improve, you will have that body you wanted (Loss of excess body fat)
·Your immune system and overall health will improve
·Your muscles will tone, and you will become strong and light in weight.
·Your posture and muscle balances will improve.
·Your ability to move swiftly and effectively will improve.
7.What can I expect in a regular CrossFit Class?
·Warm Up: Consisting of some mobility drills and/or stretches.
·Skill Work/Mechanical strength coaching.
·One or Two short Crossfit workouts customized to each person conditioned level.
·A cool down: Either a light movement to practice, or couple of drills.
"I WAS OVERWEIGHT FROM MY EARLY
CHILDHOOD AND BY AGE OF 15
I WEIGHED 124KG. I WAS A VERY SICKLY CHILD GROWING UP AND WOULD GET ILL AT
LEAST 3 TIMES THROUGH WINTER EACH YEAR"
I was overweight from my early
childhood and by the age of 15, I weighed 124kg (currently I weigh
77kg). I was a very sickly child growing up and would
get ill at least 3 times through winter each year.
I have experienced many diets in my life. I
have always enjoyed sports and being an active kid playing sports. I
competed in all the events at athletics, I did karate, swimming, played tennis,
rugby, soccer and cricket. However, my love for food and sugary foods
would always out balance my activities. Even though I would constantly be on
diets and be part of diet support groups, I would lose weight but as soon as
I returned to my accustomed way of living I would put
on most of the weight again. Being Greek, my mom always knew how to
cook tasty, rich, high calorie dishes which I could not resist. I was also brought
up being told that I must finish all the food on my
plate, and eat all the food prepared, otherwise it will go to waste!
"I SPEND ALOT OF MY TIME HELPING
We all need someone that understands what we
are going through.
Being a trainer these past 4 years I have
learnt that we all need someone to believe in us and support us. Everyone has
unique skills and abilities that they cannot see, helping them find
their strengths and by making them aware of their weaknesses, we find a centre
point which is crucial in them achieving their goals.
I spent a lot of my time doing research and
reading up about exercise and nutrition. With the aid of
Precision Nutrition’s Nutrition Coaching Course, I have been able to use the
system to advise and coach people on the importance
of good nutrition. I now know that every person is different and
has unique requirements depending on their body type, however,
the perfect starting point for any person is “eat meat veggies, nuts, seeds,
some fruit, little starch and no sugar”. I spend a lot of time
helping people who are looking for a second chance in life, they
need someone who can guide them and give them accurate
advice and support and has personal experience.
"CROSSFIT HAS BEEN A
GREAT AID TO MY PROGRAMMING"
Crossfit has been a great aid to my
programming. It has been the key that helped me make exercise fun,
effective, challenging and scalable to fit all. I have used Crossfit to
help make difference in various peoples performance, from
competitive athletes, to over 60 year olds, to disabled people without
limbs and even people who had recovered from heart bypass’s and unable to
exercise. Today they are even fitter and stronger than some 18
I was first introduced to Crossfit in 2008
when I stumbled across news leading to the 2008 games and I
have been hooked ever since. I have been a fan of Greg
Glassman’s work from when he used to be with Gym Jones.
"MY FAVORITE ATHLETE IS
I am a big fan of all the athletes
and competitors as each one is an amazing individual, they tend to
give back and get involved in society and each have an inspirational
story. My favourite athlete is Jason Khalipa. As a person he is
a very welcoming, friendly and full of optimism, he never fails
to see a good thing in any given challenge. He makes those around him feel good
and gives them a sense of hope. He has never given up in any Crossfit
games he has competed in, he did not even give up when he
was coming almost stone last after the hill run on the 1st event of 2009
games, he even managed to make top 10 that year. We
should all take it as lesson to never give up no matter how the odds
may seem to be against us, never giving up builds something in you. Others
around you will see it and it will give them hope. There truly is always
hope, you must never give up.
INVOLVED WITH THE CROSSFIT COMMUNITY"
I try to get involved and support
as many Crossfit events as I can, I find they are lots of fun
and I enjoy seeing everyone and catching up. The community is very
welcoming and supportive to everyone,
young and old - everyone is treated as family. I
have a great interest in the African Regionals every year,
I have rooted and followed the African athlete that competed each
year at the Crossfit Games. This year I was able to personally
go and support the athletes competing in the African Regionals in
Cape Town. I really enjoyed it and I will definitely make it a annual event (if
I was to be granted affiliation, I would definitely be getting involved
and helping in any way possible). I had a few friends who were competing
that I helped, trained and guided through the years leading through
to the Regionals.
"MY AIM IS TO OPEN PEOPLES EYES TO
A WORLD THEY NEVER KNEW EXISTED AND TO HELP THEM ACHIEVE PERSONAL EXERCISE AND
It has been a dream of mine to have my own
gym and training facility, however, to make this dream
perfect it would have to be a Crossfit facility. I love the Crossfit
community and would give anything to be able to help the future
Crossfit community grow and give back to the current Pretoria Crossfit
community in South Africa. My aim is to open people’s eyes to a world
they never knew existed and to help them achieve personal
exercise and fitness goals that they one day wished they could achieve.
By coaching through a CrossFit training
facility in a area that has great potential and interest in
CrossFit.I want to introduce
CrossFit to people of all age, race, gender, religion and
especially to people with disabilities or special needs. I want to get
involved and support various organizations as Crossfit has done within
Kenya. Introducing the world to the Crossfit community and
showing them how we care and want to make this world a better place. I
also want to help and support charities through fun fitness fundraising
"HAVING 6 YEARS OF
EXPERIENCE AS A TRAINER, INSTRUCTOR, COACH, FOOD ADVISER, BELIEVER AND STUDENT
OF CROSSFITS TEACHING SINCE 2008..."
Having 6 years of experience as a trainer,
instructor, coach, food adviser believer, and student of Crossfit’s
teachings since 2008 I believe I am capable and
confident enough to successfully run a Crossfit gym and
starting a successful community. I am a successful trainer with good coaching,
motivational and food nutritional coaching skills. I have always given
my very best and changed 100s of people’s lives. I believe with a Crossfit
affiliation I will be able to expand my helping hand to 100s more if not 1000s.
I love my job, I won’t lie
I cannot consider it as being a job. Its my
passion and calling in life, its what I spend my free time
doing every day. I am always ready to give my everything, and get my hands
dirty without a second thought. I am constantly studying and
practicing new concepts and doing research to expand my knowledge and
experience to become a better coach and person, it never ends. I
am easy to get along with, I enjoy meeting new people, and I
am open minded, I am comfortable with change as needed. I
am always ready and able to make a difference and change lives.
Bellow is my before and after photos of when I lost my last 16kg in 9 weeks back in 2005. (This by far was the hardest last few kg's to lose in my body transformation journey, took a lot of dedication and consistency.)
Weight: 86kg Weight: 69kg
COACH & EXPERIENCED ATHLETE:
"5TH PLACE AT THE CROSSFIT 2011 AFRICA REGIONALS"
"8TH PLACE AT THE
CROSSFIT 2012 AFRICA REGIONALS"
"9TH PLACE AT THE CROSSFIT GAMES 2013 AFRICA REGIONALS"
"2013 JUNIOR SOUTH AFRICA POWER LIFTING CHAMPION"
"2013 SENIOR SOUTH AFRICA WEIGHT LIFTING CHAMPION"
"REPRESENTED AFRICA IN RUSSIA FOR THE WORLD RAW POWER LIFTING
Gian came 8th place in the world championships in Russia making 4 SA records in hes Junior 94kg category. 210kg Squat, Bench Press 147.5kg and Deadlift 255kg creating a total of 612.5kg.
“Why should I choose a Crossfit Box rather then just buy a gym membership?” is a question I get asked quite frequently. What is so special about this Crossfit thing that thousands of people are swapping out they're gym memberships for Crossfit?
Well, Crossfit is so much more than just another gym membership, it´s a community of people dedicated to becoming a better version of themselves. It is a place where you come to add new skills to your life. Every time you come to the “Box” you are challenging yourself, breaking barriers you thought could not be broken, overcoming obstacles you thought too high. Getting stronger, faster, and more confident. Most of all, becoming a better version of you. Crossfit is a place to find the person you did not know was in you.
Crossfit offers you expert coaching staff ready to help you reach your goal safely and effectively. It is not just for the Elite athlete, or that person whose body is in great shape. It´s a place for anyone wanting to improve their fitness. It is infinitely scalable which means that anyone can start, at any fitness level, at any time.
We refer to our clients as athletes because they are. There is no need to compete on a national level to get that title. Anyone putting in the work is an athlete. I have coached hundreds of athletes from 9 years old to 65 years old in Crossfit and they all have the same reason for joining. To try something new, get fitter and have fun on the way.
What ever your fitness goal, you can reach it through Crossfit.
Too many people get stuck in a rut and go to a gym because they think that they have to. Run on the treadmill, lift a few barbells and doing mostly the same routine each visit with small variations. Most of the time they might not know what they are doing. They don´t stick to going to the gym because they get bored with the lack of discipline and motivation. A lot of gyms thrive on these members. They invest in a one year membership and then only use the first month or two. The rest of the year spent paying a contract they never use. Perhaps you recognise yourself? This means the gyms can have more members then they could ever physically cram in there. That is why many of those gyms will never encourage you to come into the gym, or motivate you once there. They already have your money.
But how is a Crossfit Box any different? It is the personal touch. When you go to a Crossfit class you will always be greeted by your coach. You have 1-to-1 interaction with the person responsible for the class. Any questions you have regarding nutrition, stretching or just the workout itself, they are there for you. They will motivate you and push you to make you better. It is their job to make sure you are doing the workout correctly, watch and advise where needed. They will encourage you when you think you want to give up, and make sure that when the class ends, you have every desire to come back and improve yourself.
Crossfit is a community. The people that you train with have all been through the same things you go through, your coach and the person next to you doing the work. They will all be there to support you on your journey.
Now for 'What is CrossFit?'
CrossFit is a core strength and conditioning program. We have designed our program to elicit as broad an
adaptational response as possible. CrossFit is not a specialized fitness program but a deliberate attempt to
optimize physical competence in each of ten recognized fitness domains. They are Cardiovascular and Respiratory
endurance, Stamina, Strength, Flexibility, Power, Speed, Coordination, Agility, Balance, and Accuracy.
The CrossFit Program was developed to enhance an individual’s competency at all physical tasks. Our athletes are
trained to perform successfully at multiple, diverse, and randomized physical challenges. This fitness is demanded
of military and police personnel, firefighters, and many sports requiring total or complete physical prowess. CrossFit
has proven effective in these arenas.
Aside from the breadth or totality of fitness the CrossFit Program seeks, our program is distinctive, if not unique, in
its focus on maximizing neuroendocrine response, developing power, cross-training with multiple training modalities,
constant training and practice with functional movements, and the development of successful diet strategies.
Our athletes are trained to bike, run, swim, and row at short, middle, and long distances guaranteeing exposure and
competency in each of the three main metabolic pathways.
We train our athletes in gymnastics from rudimentary to advanced movements garnering great capacity at controlling
the body both dynamically and statically while maximizing strength to weight ratio and fl exibility. We also place a
heavy emphasis on Olympic Weightlifting having seen this sport’s unique ability to develop an athletes’ explosive
power, control of external objects, and mastery of critical motor recruitment patterns. And finally we encourage and
assist our athletes to explore a variety of sports as a vehicle to express and apply their fitness.
An effective approach
In gyms and health clubs throughout the world the typical workout
consists of isolation movements and extended aerobic sessions. The
fitness community from trainers to the magazines has the exercising
public believing that lateral raises, curls, leg extensions, sit-ups and the
like combined with 20-40 minute stints on the stationary bike or treadmill
are going to lead to some kind of great fitness. Well, at CrossFit we
work exclusively with compound movements and shorter high intensity
cardiovascular sessions. We've replaced the lateral raise with push press,
the curl with pull-ups, and the leg extension with squats. For
every long distance effort our athletes will do five or six at short distance.
Why? Because compound or functional movements and high intensity or
anaerobic cardio is radically more effective at eliciting nearly any desired
fi tness result. Startlingly, this is not a matter of opinion but solid irrefutable
scientifi c fact and yet the marginally effective old ways persist and are
nearly universal. Our approach is consistent with what is practiced in elite
training programs associated with major university athletic teams and
professional sports. CrossFit endeavors to bring state-of-the-art coaching
techniques to the general public and athlete who haven’t access to current
technologies, research, and coaching methods,
Is this for me?
Absolutely! Your needs and the Olympic athlete’s differ by degree not kind. Increased power, strength, cardiovascular
and respiratory endurance, flexibility, stamina, coordination, agility, balance, and coordination are each important to
the world’s best athletes and to our grandparents. The amazing truth is that the very same methods that elicit optimal
response in the Olympic or professional athlete will optimize the same response in the elderly. Of course, we can’t
load your grandmother with the same squatting weight that we’d assign an Olympic skier, but they both need to
squat. In fact, squatting is essential to maintaining functional independence and improving fitness. Squatting is just
one example of a movement that is universally valuable and essential yet rarely taught to any but the most advanced
of athletes. This is a tragedy. Through painstakingly thorough coaching and incremental load assignment CrossFit
has been able to teach anyone who can care for themselves to perform safely and with maximum efficacy the same
movements typically utilized by professional coaches in elite and certainly exclusive environments.
Who has benefited from CrossFit?
Many professional and elite athletes are
participating in the CrossFit Program. Prize-
fighters, cyclists, surfers, skiers, tennis players,
triathletes and others competing at the highest
levels are using the CrossFit approach to
advance their core strength and conditioning,
but that’s not all. CrossFit has tested its methods
on the sedentary, overweight, pathological, and
elderly and found that these special populations
met the same success as our stable of athletes.
We call this “bracketing”. If our program works
for Olympic Skiers and overweight, sedentary
homemakers then it will work for you.
Your current regimen
If your current routine looks somewhat like what we’ve described as typical of the fitness magazines and gyms don’t
despair. Any exercise is better than none, and you’ve not wasted your time. In fact, the aerobic exercise that you’ve
been doing is an essential foundation to fitness and the isolation movements have given you some degree of strength.
You are in good company; we have found that some of the world’s best athletes were sorely lacking in their core
strength and conditioning. It’s hard to believe but many elite athletes have achieved international success and are still
far from their potential because they have not had the benefit of state-of-the-art coaching methods
Just what is a “core strength and conditioning” program?
CrossFit is a core strength and conditioning program in two distinct senses. First, we are a core strength and
conditioning program in the sense that the fitness we develop is foundational to all other athletic needs. This is the
same sense in which the university courses required of a particular major are called the “core curriculum”. This is the
stuff that everyone needs. Second, we are a “core” strength and conditioning program in the literal sense meaning
the center of something. Much of our work focuses on the major functional axis of the human body, the extension
and flexion, of the hips and extension, flexion, and rotation of the torso or trunk. The primacy of core strength and
conditioning in this sense is supported by the simple observation that powerful hip extension alone is necessary and
nearly sufficient for elite athletic performance. That is, our experience has been that no one without the capacity for
powerful hip extension enjoys great athletic prowess and nearly everyone we’ve met with that capacity was a great
athlete. Running, jumping, punching and throwing all originate at the core. At CrossFit we endeavor to develop our
athletes from the inside out, from core to extremity, which is by the way how good functional movements recruit
muscle, from the core to the extremities.
Can I enjoy optimal health without being an athlete?
No! Athletes experience a protection from the ravages of aging and disease that non-athletes never find. For
instance, 80-year-old athletes are stronger than non-athletes in their prime at 25 years old. If you think that strength
isn’t important consider that strength loss is what puts people in nursing homes. Athletes have greater bone density,
stronger immune systems, less coronary heart disease, reduced cancer risk, fewer strokes, and less depression than
What is an athlete?
According to Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, an athlete is “a person who is trained or skilled in exercises,
sports, or games requiring strength, agility, or stamina”.
The CrossFit definition of an athlete is a bit tighter. The CrossFit definition of an athlete is “a person who is trained or
skilled in strength, power, balance and agility, flexibility, and endurance”. The CrossFit model holds “fitness”, “health”,
and “athleticism” as strongly overlapping constructs. For most purposes they can be seen as equivalents.
What if I don’t want to be an athlete;
I just want to be healthy?
You’re in luck. We hear this often, but the truth is that fitness, wellness, and pathology (sickness) are measures of the
same entity, your health. There are a multitude of measurable parameters that can be ordered from sick (pathological)
to well (normal) to fit (better than normal). These include but are not limited to blood pressure, cholesterol, heart rate,
body fat, muscle mass, flexibility, and strength. It seems as though all of the body functions that can go awry have
states that are pathological, normal, and exceptional and that elite athletes typically show these parameters in the
exceptional range. The CrossFit view is that fitness and health are the same thing. It is also interesting to notice that
the health professional maintains your health with drugs and surgery each with potentially undesirable side effect
whereas the CrossFit Coach typically achieves a superior result always with “side benefit” vs. side effect.
What is the CrossFit method?
The CrossFit method is to establish a hierarchy of effort and concern that builds as follows:
Diet- lays the molecular foundations for fitness and health.
Metabolic Conditioning- builds capacity in each of three metabolic pathways, beginning with aerobic, then lactic acid,
and then phosphocreatine pathways.
Gymnastics- establishes functional capacity for body control and
range of motion.
Weightlifting and throwing- develop ability to control external
objects and produce power.
Sport- applies fitness in competitive atmosphere with more
randomized movements and skill mastery.
Examples of CrossFit exercises
Biking, running, swimming, and rowing in an endless variety
of drills. The clean&jerk, snatch, squat, deadlift, push-press,
bench-press, and power-clean. Jumping, medicine ball throws
and catches, pull-ups, dips, push-ups, handstands, presses to
handstand, pirouettes, kips, cartwheels, muscle-ups, sit-ups,
scales, and holds. We make regular use of bikes, the track, rowing
shells and ergometers, Olympic weight sets, rings, parallel bars,
free exercise mat, horizontal bar, plyometrics boxes, medicine
balls, and jump rope.
There isn’t a strength and conditioning program anywhere that
works with a greater diversity of tools, modalities, and drills.
What if I don’t have time for all of this?
It is a common sentiment to feel that because of the obligations of career and family that you don’t have the time to
become as fit as you might like. Here’s the good news: world class, age group strength and conditioning is obtainable
through an hour a day six days per week of training. It turns out that the intensity of training that optimizes physical
conditioning is not sustainable past forty-five minutes to an hour. Athletes that train for hours a day are developing skill
or training for sports that include adaptations inconsistent with elite strength and conditioning. Past one hour, more is
There is a near universal misconception that long distance athletes are fitter that their short distance counterparts. The
triathlete, cyclist, and marathoner are often regarded as among the fittest athletes on earth. Nothing could be farther
from the truth. The endurance athlete has trained long past any cardiovascular health benefit and has lost ground in
strength, speed, and power, typically does nothing for coordination, agility, balance, and accuracy and possesses little
more than average flexibility. This is hardly the stuff of elite athleticism. The CrossFit athlete, remember, has trained
and practiced for optimal physical competence in all ten physical skills (cardiovascular/respiratory endurance, stamina,
flexibility, strength, power, speed, coordination, agility, balance, and accuracy). The excessive aerobic volume of the
endurance athlete’s training has cost him in speed, power, and strength to the point where his athletic competency
has been compromised. No triathlete is in ideal shape to wrestle, box, pole-vault, sprint, play any ball sport, fight fires,
or do police work. Each of these requires a fitness level far beyond the needs of the endurance athlete. None of this
suggests that being a marathoner, triathlete or other endurance athlete is a bad thing; just don’t believe that training
as a long distance athlete gives you the fitness that is prerequisite to many sports. CrossFit considers the Sumo
Wrestler, triathlete, marathoner, and power lifter to be “fringe athletes” in that their fitness demands are so specialized
as to be inconsistent with the adaptations that give maximum competency at all physical challenges. Elite strength
and conditioning is a compromise between each of the ten physical adaptations. Endurance athletes do not balance
Aerobics and Anaerobics
There are three main energy systems that fuel all human activity. Almost all changes that occur in the body due
to exercise are related to the demands placed on these energy systems. Furthermore, the efficacy of any given
fitness regimen may largely be tied to its ability to elicit an adequate stimulus for change within these three energy
Energy is derived aerobically when oxygen is utilized to metabolize substrates derived from food and liberates energy.
An activity is termed aerobic when the majority of energy needed is derived aerobically. These activities are usually
greater than ninety seconds in duration and involve low to moderate power output or intensity. Examples of aerobic
activity include running on the treadmill for twenty minutes, swimming a mile, and watching TV.
Energy is derived anaerobically when energy is liberated from substrates in the absence of oxygen. Activities are
considered anaerobic when the majority of the energy needed is derived anaerobically. These activities are of less
than two minutes in duration and involve moderate to high power output or intensity. There are two such anaerobic
systems, the phosphagen system and the lactic acid system. Examples of anaerobic activity include running a 100-
meter sprint, squatting, and doing pull-ups.
Our main purpose here is to discuss how anaerobic and aerobic training support performance variables like strength,
power, speed, and endurance. We also support the contention that total conditioning and optimal health necessitates
training each of the physiological systems in a systematic fashion.
It warrants mention that in any activity all three energy systems are utilized though one may dominate. The interplay
of these systems can be complex, yet a simple examination of the characteristics of aerobic vs. anaerobic training
can prove useful.
Aerobic training benefits cardiovascular function and decreases body fat. This is certainly of significant benefit.
Aerobic conditioning allows us to engage in moderate/low power output for extended period of time. This is valuable
for many sports. Athletes engaging in excessive aerobic training witness decreases in muscle mass, strength, speed,
and power. It is not uncommon to find marathoners with a vertical leap of several inches and a bench press well below
average for most athletes. Aerobic activity has a pronounced tendency to decrease anaerobic capacity.
This does not bode well for athletes or the individual interested in total conditioning or optimal health.
Anaerobic activity also benefits cardiovascular function and decreases body fat. Anaerobic activity is unique in its
capacity to dramatically improve power, speed, strength, and muscle mass. Anaerobic conditioning allows us to
exert tremendous forces over a very brief time. Perhaps the aspect of anaerobic conditioning that bears greatest
consideration is that anaerobic conditioning will not adversely affect aerobic capacity! In fact, properly structured,
anaerobic activity can be used to develop a very high level of aerobic fitness without the muscle wasting consistent
with high volume aerobic exercise!
Basketball, football, gymnastics, boxing, track and field events under one mile, soccer, swimming events under 400
yards, volleyball, wrestling, and weightlifting are all sports that require the majority of training time spent in anaerobic
activity. Long distance and ultra-endurance running, cross-country skiing, and 1500+ yard swimming are all sports
that require aerobic training at levels that produce results unacceptable to other athletes or individuals concerned with
total conditioning or optimal health.
The CrossFit approach is to judiciously balance anaerobic and aerobic exercise in a manner that is consistent with
the athlete’s goals. Our exercise prescriptions adhere to proper specificity, progression, variation, and recovery to
The Olympic Lifts, a.k.a., Weightlifting
There are two Olympic lifts, the clean and jerk and the snatch. Mastery of these lifts develops the squat, deadlift,
powerclean, and split jerk while integrating them into a single movement of unequaled value in all of strength and
conditioning. The Olympic lifters are without a doubt the world’s strongest athletes.
These lifts train athletes to effectively activate more muscle fibers more rapidly than through any other modality of
training. The explosiveness that results from this training is of vital necessity to every sport.
Practicing the Olympic lifts teaches one to apply force to muscle groups in proper sequence, i.e., from the center of the
body to its extremities (core to extremity). Learning this vital technical lesson benefits all athletes who need to impart
force to another person or object as is commonly required in nearly all sports.
In addition to learning to impart explosive forces, the clean and jerk and snatch condition the body to receive such
forces from another moving body both safely and effectively.
Numerous studies have demonstrated the Olympic lifts unique capacity to develop strength, muscle, power, speed,
coordination, vertical leap, muscular endurance, bone strength, and the physical capacity to withstand stress. It is also
worth mentioning that the Olympic lifts are the only lifts shown to increase maximum oxygen uptake, the most important
marker for cardiovascular fitness.
Sadly, the Olympic lifts are seldom seen in the commercial fitness community
because of their inherently complex and technical nature. CrossFit makes
them available to anyone with the patience and persistence to learn.
The extraordinary value of gymnastics as a training modality lies in its
reliance on the body’s own weight as the sole source of resistance. This
places a unique premium on the improvement of strength to weight ratio.
Unlike other strength training modalities gymnastics and calisthenics allow
for increases in strength only while increasing strength to weight ratio!
Gymnastics develops pull-ups, squats, lunges, jumping, push-ups, and
numerous presses to handstand, scales, and holds. These skills are
unrivaled in their benefit to the physique as evident in any competitive
As important as the capacity of this modality is for strength development it is without a doubt the ultimate approach to
improving coordination, balance, agility, accuracy, and flexibility. Through the use of numerous presses, handstands,
scales, and other floor work the gymnast’s training greatly enhances kinesthetic sense.
The variety of movements available for inclusion in this modality probably exceeds the number of exercises known to
all non-gymnastic sport!
The rich variety here contributes substantially to the CrossFit program’s ability to inspire great
athletic confidence and prowess.
For a combination of strength, flexibility, well-developed physique, coordination, balance, accuracy, and agility the
gymnast has no equal in the sports world. The inclusion of this training modality is absurdly absent from nearly all
There is no ideal routine! In fact, the chief value of any routine lies in abandoning it for another. The CrossFit ideal is
to train for any contingency. The obvious implication is that this is possible only if there is a tremendously varied, if
not randomized, quality to the breadth of stimulus. It is in this sense that the CrossFit Program is a core strength and
conditioning program. Anything else is sport specific training not core strength and conditioning.
Any routine, no matter how complete, contains within its omissions the parameters for which there will be no adaptation.
The breadth of adaptation will exactly match the breadth of the stimulus. For this reason the CrossFit program embraces
short, middle, and long distance metabolic conditioning, low, moderate, and heavy load assignment. We encourage
creative and continuously varied compositions that tax physiological functions against every realistically conceivable
combination of stressors. This is the stuff of surviving fights and fires. Developing a fitness that is varied yet complete
defines the very art of strength and conditioning coaching.
This is not a comforting message in an age where scientific certainty and specialization confer authority and expertise.
Yet, the reality of performance enhancement cares not one wit for trend or authority. The CrossFit Program’s success in
elevating the performance of world-class athletes lies clearly in demanding of our athletes total and complete physical
competence. No routine takes us there.
“Neuroendocrine adaptation” is a change in the body that affects you either neurologically or hormonally. Most important
adaptations to exercise are in part or completely a result of a hormonal or neurological shift. Current research, much of
it done by Dr. William Kraemer, Penn State University, has shown which exercise protocols maximize neuroendocrine
responses. Earlier we faulted isolation movements as being ineffectual. Now we can tell you that one of the critical
elements missing from these movements is that they invoke essentially no neuroendocrine response.
Among the hormonal responses vital to athletic development are substantial increases in testosterone, insulinlike
growth factor, and human growth hormone. Exercising with protocols known to elevate these hormones eerily
mimics the hormonal changes sought in exogenous hormonal therapy (steroid use) with none of the deleterious
effect. Exercise regimens that induce a high neuroendocrine response produce champions! Increased muscle
mass and bone density are just two of many adaptative responses to exercises capable of producing a significant
It is impossible to overstate the importance of the neuroendocrine response to exercise protocols. This is why it is one
of the four defining themes of the CrossFit Program. Heavy load weight training, short rest between sets, high heart
rates, high intensity training, and short rest intervals, though not entirely distinct components, are all associated with
a high neuroendocrine response.
Power is defined as the “time rate of doing work.” It has often been said that in sport speed is king. At CrossFit “power”
is the undisputed king of performance. Power is in simplest terms, “hard and fast.” Jumping, punching, throwing, and
sprinting are all measures of power. Increasing your ability to produce power is necessary and nearly sufficient to
elite athleticism. Additionally, power is the definition of intensity, which in turn has been linked to nearly every positive
aspect of fitness. Increases in strength, performance, muscle mass, and bone density all arise in proportion to the
intensity of exercise. And again, intensity is defined as power. Power is one of the four defining themes of the CrossFit
Program. Power development is an ever-present aspect of the CrossFit Daily Workout.
Cross training is typically defined as participating in multiple sports. At CrossFit we take a much broader view of the
term. We view cross training as exceeding the normal parameters of the regular demands of your sport or training.
The CrossFit Program recognizes functional, metabolic, and modal cross training. That is we regularly train past the
normal motions, metabolic pathways, and modes or sports common to the athlete’s sport or exercise regimen. We are
unique and again distinctive to the extent that we adhere to and program within this context.
If you remember the CrossFit objective of providing a broad based fitness that provides maximal competency in
all adaptive capacities, cross training, or training outside of the athletes normal or regular demands is a given. The
CrossFit coaching staff had long ago noticed that athletes are weakest at the margins of their exposure for almost
every measurable parameter. For instance, if you only cycle between five to seven miles at each training effort you
will test weak at less than five and greater than seven miles. This is true for range of motion, load, rest, intensity,
and power, etc. The CrossFit workouts are engineered to expand the margins of exposure as broad as function and
capacity will allow. Cross training is one of the four CrossFit defining themes
There are movements that mimic motor recruitment patterns that are found in everyday life. Others are somewhat
unique to the gym. Squatting is standing from a seated position; deadlifting is picking any object off the ground.They
are both functional movements. Leg extension and leg curl both have no equivalent in nature and are in turn nonfunctional
movements. The bulk of isolation movements are non-functional movements. By contrast the compound or
multi-joint movements are functional. Natural movement typically involves the movement of multiple joints for every
The importance of functional movements is primarily two-fold. First of all the functional movements are mechanically
sound and therefore safe, and secondly they are the movements that elicit a high neuroendocrine response.
CrossFit has managed a stable of elite athletes and dramatically enhanced their performance exclusively with
functional movements. The superiority of training with functional movements is clearly apparent with any athlete
within weeks of their incorporation.
The soundness and efficacy of functional movement is so profound that exercising without them is by comparison a
colossal waste of time. For this reason functional movement is one of the four dominant CrossFit themes.
The CrossFit dietary prescription is as follows:
Protein should be lean and varied and account for about 30% of your total caloric load.
Carbohydrates should be predominantly low-glycemic and account for about 40% of your total caloric load.
Fat should be predominantly monounsaturated and account for about 30% of your total caloric load.
Calories should be set at between .7 and 1.0 grams of protein per pound of lean body mass depending on your activity
level. The .7 figure is for moderate daily workout loads and the 1.0 figure is for the hardcore athlete.
What should I eat?
In plain language, base your diet on garden vegetables, especially greens, lean meats, nuts and seeds, little starch,
and no sugar. That’s about as simple as we can get. Many have observed that keeping your grocery cart to the
perimeter of the grocery store while avoiding the aisles is a great way to protect your health. Food is perishable. The
stuff with long shelf life is all circumspect. If you follow these simple guidelines you will benefit from nearly all that can
be achieved through nutrition.
The Caveman or Paleolithic Model for Nutrition
Modern diets are ill suited for our genetic composition. Evolution has not kept pace with advances in agriculture and
food processing resulting in a plague of health problems for modern man. Coronary heart disease, diabetes, cancer,
osteoporosis, obesity and psychological dysfunction have all been scientifically linked to a diet too high in refined
or processed carbohydrate. Search “google” or “Alta Vista” for Paleolithic nutrition, or diet. The return is extensive,
compelling, and fascinating. The Caveman model is perfectly consistent with the CrossFit prescription.
What Foods should I avoid?
Excessive consumption of high-glycemic carbohydrates is the primary culprit in nutritionally caused health problems.
High glycemic carbohydrates are those that raise blood sugar too rapidly. They include rice, bread, candy, potato,
sweets, sodas, and most processed carbohydrates. Processing can include bleaching, baking, grinding, and refining.
Processing of carbohydrates greatly increases their glycemic index, a measure of their propensity to elevate blood
What is the Problem with High-Glycemic Carbohydrates?
The problem with high-glycemic carbohydrates is that they give an inordinate insulin response. Insulin is an essential
hormone for life, yet acute, chronic elevation of insulin leads to hyperinsulinism, which has been positively linked to
obesity, elevated cholesterol levels, blood pressure, mood dysfunction and a Pandora’s box of disease and disability.
Research “hyperinsulinism” on the Internet. There’s a gold mine of information pertinent to your health available there.
The CrossFit prescription is a low-glycemic diet and consequently severely blunts the insulin response
Caloric Restriction and Longevity
Current research strongly supports the link between caloric restriction and an increased life expectancy. The incidence
of cancers and heart disease sharply decline with a diet that is carefully limited in controlling caloric intake. “Caloric
Restriction” is another fruitful area for Internet search. The CrossFit prescription is consistent with this research.
The CrossFit prescription allows a reduced caloric intake and yet still provides ample nutrition for rigorous activity.